Pancreas cancer

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Pancreas cancer

Tumor surgeries

It is one of the most common and dangerous types of cancer because it causes a threat to public health and continues to develop for several months or years before any symptoms appear. Its symptoms do not appear until after a long time, so it is diagnosed late.

Symptoms of pancreatic cancer:

Symptoms of pancreatic cancer vary according to the nature of the condition and the type and size of the tumor. These symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain extending to the back
  • Significant weight loss without dieting due to loss of appetite
  • Diabetes
  • itching of the skin;
  • The occurrence of blood clots
  • Exhaustion and constant fatigue
  • Acute pancreatitis

Cycle of pancreatic cancer development:

Pancreatic cancer progresses relatively through four stages, namely:

The first Cycle :

At this step , the disease is detected in the cells of the pancreas only, which means that it has not spread to any other organ besides the pancreas.

The second Cycle :

It is the step in which the tumor spreads to the lymph nodes close to the pancreas, or in which the size of the tumor increases even if it does not spread to the glands.

the third Cycle : 

The disease is transmitted at this step to large blood vessels or neighboring organs such as the abdomen, spleen, or large intestine.

The fourth Cycle :

It is the last Cycle in which the disease spreads to other nearby organs such as the liver, lungs, and stomach lining

Methods of treating pancreatic cancer:

There are several ways to treat pancreatic cancer, and they differ according to the nature of each case and what suits it, such as:

Surgical treatment:

Surgical treatment is done if the cancer is present in the first part of the pancreas, then it is removed along with the first part of the small intestine, gallbladder and bile duct, and in some cases part of the stomach and colon are removed.

The doctor also removes the left side of the body and tail of the pancreas, and sometimes the spleen is removed.

In some cases, the doctor resorts to completely removing the pancreas, and the patient lives normally, but he needs insulin and enzyme replacement throughout his life.

Radiation treatment:

Radiation therapy, such as X-rays and proteins, is a high-energy treatment that kills cancer cells.

Protons are a newer form of conventional radiotherapy.

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