Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breast.
Skin cancer follows breast cancer as the most common type of cancer among women in the United States. Breast cancer can affect both men and women, but it is more common in women.
Substantial support for breast cancer awareness and funding for research has helped in improving breast cancer detection, diagnosis and advances in treatment. Breast cancer survival rates have increased and deaths have been systematically reduced, largely due to a number of factors such as early detection, New and customized treatment, improving understanding of the disease.
“When do you see a doctor?”
If you find a lump or other change in your breasts — even if your breasts were normal on your last mammogram — make an appointment with your doctor for immediate evaluation.
The causes of breast cancer are not clear.
Doctors have known that breast cancer occurs when some cells in the breast begin to grow abnormally.
These cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells and continue to accumulate, forming a mass or aggregation. The cells may spread (metastasize) through your breast to your lymph nodes or to other parts of your body.
Breast cancer most often begins in the cells in the milk-producing ducts (invasive ductal carcinoma). Breast cancer may also begin in glandular tissue called lobules (invasive ductal carcinoma) or in other cells or tissues within the breast.
Researchers have identified hormonal, lifestyle and environmental factors that may increase the risk of breast cancer. But why some people without risk factors develop cancer while others with risk factors do not is not clear. Breast cancer is likely the result of a complex interaction between your genetic makeup and your environment.
Breast cancer risk reduction for women at average risk
Making changes in your daily life may reduce your risk of breast cancer. try to:
Ask your doctor about breast cancer screening. Discuss with your doctor when to start breast cancer screening and testing, such as clinical breast exams and mammograms.
Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of screening. By working together, you can decide which breast cancer screening strategies are most appropriate for you.
You can detect your breasts through breast self-examination for awareness. Women may choose to examine their breasts sometimes by inspecting them during a breast self-examination for awareness. If there is any change such as lumps or other abnormalities in the breast, speak with the doctor immediately.
Breast awareness may not prevent breast cancer, but it may help you better understand normal changes in your breasts and identify unusual signs or symptoms.
Do exercise most days of the week. Aim to get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day most days of the week. If you haven’t exercised recently, ask your doctor about exercising and start slowly.
Reducing hormone therapy in postmenopausal women. Combining hormone therapy may increase the risk of breast cancer. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of hormone therapy.
Some women experience troublesome signs and symptoms during menopause, and for these women, an increased risk of breast cancer may be acceptable in order to relieve the signs and symptoms of menopause.
To reduce your risk of breast cancer, use the lowest possible dose of hormone therapy for the shortest period of time.
Maintain a healthy weight. If you are at a healthy weight, strive to maintain your weight. And if you need to lose weight, ask your doctor about healthy strategies to achieve it. Reduce the number of calories you eat each day and slowly increase your exercise.
Choose a healthy diet. The incidence of breast cancer may be reduced in women who follow a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil and a mix of nuts. The Mediterranean diet places more emphasis on plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet prefer to choose healthy fats such as olive oil over butter, and fish over red meat.