What distinguishes laparoscopic gallbladder surgery from open surgery?
Laparoscopic gallbladder removal differs from open surgery in the following:
- The pain level is lower.
- No need to stay in the hospital for a long time, especially after the operation. Recover faster and return to normal activities.
- Smaller cuts and scars compared to open surgery.
- Low risk of complications.
Laparoscopic surgeries include:
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy refers to an operation in which the gallbladder is removed and removed through a few very small incisions in the abdomen.
The appendix develops as an extension of the primary large intestine (Cecum) and is located in 95% of cases within the peritoneum. The appendix may be about 10 cm long.
- Gastroesophageal reflux and hiatal hernia
The surgery includes withdrawing the hernia from the diaphragm and returning it to the abdomen, then improving the mechanism of the aforementioned valve in the lower part of the esophagus, and closing the hiatus in the diaphragm muscle. The surgeon wraps the upper part of the stomach called the fundus around the lower part of the esophagus, to keep the sphincter muscle permanently taut so that stomach contents do not back up into the esophagus in the future.
- Surgical diagnostic endoscopy and sampling
During an endoscopic biopsy, your doctor uses a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) with a light on the end to see the structures inside your body. Special tools are passed through the tube to take a small sample of the tissue to be analyzed.
Laparoscopic varicocele surgeries, a condition in which the veins within the scrotum are abnormally enlarged, the surgery is generally performed when swollen veins cause chronic pain or male infertility.
- Colon, stomach and liver tumors by laparoscopy
Most patients for colon surgery prepare for their surgery while they are at home, as they come to the hospital on the day of surgery. Colon surgeries are usually made through large incisions along the abdomen, part of the colon is removed, and then the intestines are joined together.
Since the early 1990s, some surgeons with experience in colon surgery and laparoscopic surgery have removed the colon without a large incision, similar to the more common gallbladder surgery.
To perform this laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon, instead of opening the skin wide enough to operate inside, places three to five “ports” in the patient’s abdomen, through which a miniature camera and the usual surgical tools are passed. Then the team and surgeon perform the same operation inside without In laparotomy, part of the intestine is removed by widening one of the incision sites just enough to pull out the part of the intestine.
This type of surgery means that there is less pain and a quicker return to exercise and physical activity.